“Pardes” refers to (types of) approaches to biblical exegesis in rabbinic Judaism or to the interpretation of the text in Torah study.
The term, sometimes also spelled PaRDeS, is an acronym formed from the same initials of the following four approaches:
Peshat (פְּשָׁט) – “surface” (“straight”) or the literal (direct) meaning.
Remez (רֶמֶז) – “hints” or the deep (allegoric: hidden or symbolic) meaning beyond just the literal sense.
Derash (דְּרַשׁ) – from Hebrew darash: “inquire” (“seek”) – the comparative (midrashic) meaning, as given through similar occurrences.
Sod (סוֹד) (pronounced with a long O as in ‘lore’) – “secret” (“mystery”) or the esoteric/mystical meaning, as given through inspiration or revelation.
Each type of Parde’s interpretation examines the extended meaning of a text. As a general rule, the extended meaning never contradicts the base meaning.
The Peshat means the plain or contextual meaning of the text. Remez is the allegorical meaning.
Derash includes the metaphorical meaning, and Sod represents the hidden meaning.
There is often considerable overlap, for example when legal understandings of a verse are influenced by mystical interpretations or when a “hint” is determined by comparing a word with other instances of the same word.
Bring a piece of this magic and light into your home or to the people you care for.
- Name: Pardes series #2
- Painter: Elena Kotliarker
- SIZE (in inches): 12″ x 12″ x 1.5″ (30 x 30 x 4 cm)
- Original handmade acrylic painting on canvas
- Style: Modern, Abstract, Figurative
- Certification of Authenticity in digital form provided
- Express shipping 3-4 days worldwide
Canvas. Pastel chalks, acrylic on the sand texture and finished with relief paint.
This painting is shipped ready to hang. The declared size is after stretching.
Exists on the front side of the painting and on the versa side with date of creation and artwork title.
Provided in the electronic form (PDF file format).
HANDLING & SHIPPING INFORMATION:
I’m using only express expedited shipping through EMS.
There is no shipping on Friday and Saturday
Approx. delivery time (not including possible Customs delay):
USA 3-5 business days
Canada 4-6 business days
Europa 3-5 business days
South America 5-8 business days
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